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// Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
// or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
// distributed with this work for additional information
// regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
// to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
// "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
// with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
// software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
// KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
// specific language governing permissions and limitations
// under the License..

#![allow(missing_copy_implementations)]

use crate::io::{self, BufRead, ErrorKind, Initializer, IoSlice, IoSliceMut, Read, Write};
use core::fmt;
use core::mem::MaybeUninit;

/// Copies the entire contents of a reader into a writer.
///
/// This function will continuously read data from `reader` and then
/// write it into `writer` in a streaming fashion until `reader`
/// returns EOF.
///
/// On success, the total number of bytes that were copied from
/// `reader` to `writer` is returned.
///
/// If you’re wanting to copy the contents of one file to another and you’re
/// working with filesystem paths, see the [`fs::copy`] function.
///
/// [`fs::copy`]: ../fs/fn.copy.html
///
/// # Errors
///
/// This function will return an error immediately if any call to `read` or
/// `write` returns an error. All instances of `ErrorKind::Interrupted` are
/// handled by this function and the underlying operation is retried.
pub fn copy<R: ?Sized, W: ?Sized>(reader: &mut R, writer: &mut W) -> io::Result<u64>
where
    R: Read,
    W: Write,
{
    let mut buf = MaybeUninit::<[u8; super::DEFAULT_BUF_SIZE]>::uninit();
    // FIXME(#53491): This is calling `get_mut` and `get_ref` on an uninitialized
    // `MaybeUninit`. Revisit this once we decided whether that is valid or not.
    // This is still technically undefined behavior due to creating a reference
    // to uninitialized data, but within libstd we can rely on more guarantees
    // than if this code were in an external lib.
    unsafe {
        reader.initializer().initialize(buf.assume_init_mut());
    }

    let mut written = 0;
    loop {
        let len = match reader.read(unsafe { buf.assume_init_mut() }) {
            Ok(0) => return Ok(written),
            Ok(len) => len,
            Err(ref e) if e.kind() == ErrorKind::Interrupted => continue,
            Err(e) => return Err(e),
        };
        writer.write_all(unsafe { &buf.assume_init_ref()[..len] })?;
        written += len as u64;
    }
}

/// A reader which is always at EOF.
///
/// This struct is generally created by calling [`empty`]. Please see
/// the documentation of [`empty()`][`empty`] for more details.
///
/// [`empty`]: fn.empty.html
pub struct Empty {
    _priv: (),
}

/// Constructs a new handle to an empty reader.
///
/// All reads from the returned reader will return [`Ok`]`(0)`.
///
/// [`Ok`]: ../result/enum.Result.html#variant.Ok
///
pub fn empty() -> Empty { Empty { _priv: () } }

impl Read for Empty {
    #[inline]
    fn read(&mut self, _buf: &mut [u8]) -> io::Result<usize> {
        Ok(0)
    }

    #[inline]
    unsafe fn initializer(&self) -> Initializer {
        Initializer::nop()
    }
}

impl BufRead for Empty {
    #[inline]
    fn fill_buf(&mut self) -> io::Result<&[u8]> {
        Ok(&[])
    }
    #[inline]
    fn consume(&mut self, _n: usize) {}
}

impl fmt::Debug for Empty {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.pad("Empty { .. }")
    }
}

/// A reader which yields one byte over and over and over and over and over and...
///
/// This struct is generally created by calling [`repeat`][repeat]. Please
/// see the documentation of `repeat()` for more details.
///
/// [repeat]: fn.repeat.html
pub struct Repeat {
    byte: u8,
}

/// Creates an instance of a reader that infinitely repeats one byte.
///
/// All reads from this reader will succeed by filling the specified buffer with
/// the given byte.
pub fn repeat(byte: u8) -> Repeat {
    Repeat { byte }
}

impl Read for Repeat {
    #[inline]
    fn read(&mut self, buf: &mut [u8]) -> io::Result<usize> {
        for slot in &mut *buf {
            *slot = self.byte;
        }
        Ok(buf.len())
    }

    #[inline]
    fn read_vectored(&mut self, bufs: &mut [IoSliceMut<'_>]) -> io::Result<usize> {
        let mut nwritten = 0;
        for buf in bufs {
            nwritten += self.read(buf)?;
        }
        Ok(nwritten)
    }

    #[inline]
    unsafe fn initializer(&self) -> Initializer {
        Initializer::nop()
    }
}

impl fmt::Debug for Repeat {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.pad("Repeat { .. }")
    }
}

/// A writer which will move data into the void.
///
/// This struct is generally created by calling [`sink`][sink]. Please
/// see the documentation of `sink()` for more details.
///
/// [sink]: fn.sink.html
pub struct Sink {
    _priv: (),
}

/// Creates an instance of a writer which will successfully consume all data.
///
/// All calls to `write` on the returned instance will return `Ok(buf.len())`
/// and the contents of the buffer will not be inspected.
pub fn sink() -> Sink {
    Sink { _priv: () }
}

impl Write for Sink {
    #[inline]
    fn write(&mut self, buf: &[u8]) -> io::Result<usize> {
        Ok(buf.len())
    }

    #[inline]
    fn write_vectored(&mut self, bufs: &[IoSlice<'_>]) -> io::Result<usize> {
        let total_len = bufs.iter().map(|b| b.len()).sum();
        Ok(total_len)
    }

    #[inline]
    fn flush(&mut self) -> io::Result<()> {
        Ok(())
    }
}

impl fmt::Debug for Sink {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.pad("Sink { .. }")
    }
}