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// Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
// or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
// distributed with this work for additional information
// regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
// to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
// "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
// with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
// software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
// KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
// specific language governing permissions and limitations
// under the License..

use sgx_types::sgx_status_t;
use crate::error;
use crate::sys;
use core::fmt;
use core::result;
use core::convert::From;
use alloc_crate::str;
use alloc_crate::boxed::Box;


/// A specialized [`Result`](../result/enum.Result.html) type for I/O
/// operations.
///
/// This type is broadly used across [`std::io`] for any operation which may
/// produce an error.
///
/// This typedef is generally used to avoid writing out [`io::Error`] directly and
/// is otherwise a direct mapping to [`Result`].
///
/// While usual Rust style is to import types directly, aliases of [`Result`]
/// often are not, to make it easier to distinguish between them. [`Result`] is
/// generally assumed to be [`std::result::Result`][`Result`], and so users of this alias
/// will generally use `io::Result` instead of shadowing the prelude's import
/// of [`std::result::Result`][`Result`].
///
pub type Result<T> = result::Result<T, Error>;

/// The error type for I/O operations of the [`Read`], [`Write`], [`Seek`], and
/// associated traits.
///
/// Errors mostly originate from the underlying OS, but custom instances of
/// `Error` can be created with crafted error messages and a particular value of
/// [`ErrorKind`].
///
/// [`ErrorKind`]: enum.ErrorKind.html
pub struct Error {
    repr: Repr,
}

impl fmt::Debug for Error {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        fmt::Debug::fmt(&self.repr, f)
    }
}

enum Repr {
    Os(i32),
    Simple(ErrorKind),
    Custom(Box<Custom>),
    SgxStatus(sgx_status_t),
}

#[derive(Debug)]
struct Custom {
    kind: ErrorKind,
    error: Box<dyn error::Error + Send + Sync>,
}

/// A list specifying general categories of I/O error.
///
/// This list is intended to grow over time and it is not recommended to
/// exhaustively match against it.
///
/// It is used with the [`io::Error`] type.
///
/// [`io::Error`]: struct.Error.html
#[derive(Clone, Copy, Debug, Eq, Hash, Ord, PartialEq, PartialOrd)]
#[allow(deprecated)]
#[non_exhaustive]
pub enum ErrorKind {
    /// An entity was not found, often a file.
    NotFound,
    /// The operation lacked the necessary privileges to complete.
    PermissionDenied,
    /// The connection was refused by the remote server.
    ConnectionRefused,
    /// The connection was reset by the remote server.
    ConnectionReset,
    /// The connection was aborted (terminated) by the remote server.
    ConnectionAborted,
    /// The network operation failed because it was not connected yet.
    NotConnected,
    /// A socket address could not be bound because the address is already in
    /// use elsewhere.
    AddrInUse,
    /// A nonexistent interface was requested or the requested address was not
    /// local.
    AddrNotAvailable,
    /// The operation failed because a pipe was closed.
    BrokenPipe,
    /// An entity already exists, often a file.
    AlreadyExists,
    /// The operation needs to block to complete, but the blocking operation was
    /// requested to not occur.
    WouldBlock,
    /// A parameter was incorrect.
    InvalidInput,
    /// Data not valid for the operation were encountered.
    ///
    /// Unlike [`InvalidInput`], this typically means that the operation
    /// parameters were valid, however the error was caused by malformed
    /// input data.
    ///
    /// For example, a function that reads a file into a string will error with
    /// `InvalidData` if the file's contents are not valid UTF-8.
    ///
    /// [`InvalidInput`]: #variant.InvalidInput
    InvalidData,
    /// The I/O operation's timeout expired, causing it to be canceled.
    TimedOut,
    /// An error returned when an operation could not be completed because a
    /// call to [`write`] returned [`Ok(0)`].
    ///
    /// This typically means that an operation could only succeed if it wrote a
    /// particular number of bytes but only a smaller number of bytes could be
    /// written.
    ///
    /// [`write`]: ../../std/io/trait.Write.html#tymethod.write
    /// [`Ok(0)`]: ../../std/io/type.Result.html
    WriteZero,
    /// This operation was interrupted.
    ///
    /// Interrupted operations can typically be retried.
    Interrupted,
    /// Any I/O error not part of this list.
    Other,

    /// An error returned when an operation could not be completed because an
    /// "end of file" was reached prematurely.
    ///
    /// This typically means that an operation could only succeed if it read a
    /// particular number of bytes but only a smaller number of bytes could be
    /// read.
    UnexpectedEof,

    ///
    /// SGX error status
    SgxError,
}

impl ErrorKind {
    pub(crate) fn as_str(&self) -> &'static str {
        match *self {
            ErrorKind::NotFound => "entity not found",
            ErrorKind::PermissionDenied => "permission denied",
            ErrorKind::ConnectionRefused => "connection refused",
            ErrorKind::ConnectionReset => "connection reset",
            ErrorKind::ConnectionAborted => "connection aborted",
            ErrorKind::NotConnected => "not connected",
            ErrorKind::AddrInUse => "address in use",
            ErrorKind::AddrNotAvailable => "address not available",
            ErrorKind::BrokenPipe => "broken pipe",
            ErrorKind::AlreadyExists => "entity already exists",
            ErrorKind::WouldBlock => "operation would block",
            ErrorKind::InvalidInput => "invalid input parameter",
            ErrorKind::InvalidData => "invalid data",
            ErrorKind::TimedOut => "timed out",
            ErrorKind::WriteZero => "write zero",
            ErrorKind::Interrupted => "operation interrupted",
            ErrorKind::Other => "other os error",
            ErrorKind::UnexpectedEof => "unexpected end of file",
            ErrorKind::SgxError => "Sgx error status",
        }
    }
}

/// Intended for use for errors not exposed to the user, where allocating onto
/// the heap (for normal construction via Error::new) is too costly.
impl From<ErrorKind> for Error {
    /// Converts an [`ErrorKind`] into an [`Error`].
    ///
    #[inline]
    fn from(kind: ErrorKind) -> Error {
        Error { repr: Repr::Simple(kind) }
    }
}

impl From<sgx_status_t> for Error {
    #[inline]
    fn from(status: sgx_status_t) -> Error {
        Error { repr: Repr::SgxStatus(status) }
    }
}

impl Error {
    /// Creates a new I/O error from a known kind of error as well as an
    /// arbitrary error payload.
    ///
    /// This function is used to generically create I/O errors which do not
    /// originate from the OS itself. The `error` argument is an arbitrary
    /// payload which will be contained in this `Error`.
    ///
    pub fn new<E>(kind: ErrorKind, error: E) -> Error
    where
        E: Into<Box<dyn error::Error + Send + Sync>>,
    {
        Self::_new(kind, error.into())
    }

    fn _new(kind: ErrorKind, error: Box<dyn error::Error + Send + Sync>) -> Error {
        Error { repr: Repr::Custom(Box::new(Custom { kind, error })) }
    }

    /// Returns an error representing the last OS error which occurred.
    ///
    /// This function reads the value of `errno` for the target platform (e.g.
    /// `GetLastError` on Windows) and will return a corresponding instance of
    /// `Error` for the error code.
    ///
    pub fn last_os_error() -> Error {
        Error::from_raw_os_error(sys::os::errno() as i32)
    }

    /// Creates a new instance of an `Error` from a particular OS error code.
    ///
    pub fn from_raw_os_error(code: i32) -> Error {
        Error { repr: Repr::Os(code) }
    }

    /// Returns the OS error that this error represents (if any).
    ///
    /// If this `Error` was constructed via `last_os_error` or
    /// `from_raw_os_error`, then this function will return `Some`, otherwise
    /// it will return `None`.
    ///
    pub fn raw_os_error(&self) -> Option<i32> {
        match self.repr {
            Repr::Os(i) => Some(i),
            Repr::Custom(..) => None,
            Repr::Simple(..) => None,
            Repr::SgxStatus(..) => None,
        }
    }

    /// Creates a new instance of an `Error` from a particular SGX error status.
    ///
    pub fn from_sgx_error(status: sgx_status_t) -> Error {
        Error { repr: Repr::SgxStatus(status) }
    }

    /// Returns the SGX error that this error represents (if any).
    ///
    /// If this `Error` was constructed via `from_sgx_error` or
    /// then this function will return `Some`, otherwise
    /// it will return `None`.
    ///
    pub fn raw_sgx_error(&self) -> Option<sgx_status_t> {
        match self.repr {
            Repr::Os(..) => None,
            Repr::Custom(..) => None,
            Repr::Simple(..) => None,
            Repr::SgxStatus(status) => Some(status),
        }
    }

    /// Returns a reference to the inner error wrapped by this error (if any).
    ///
    /// If this `Error` was constructed via `new` then this function will
    /// return `Some`, otherwise it will return `None`.
    ///
    pub fn get_ref(&self) -> Option<&(dyn error::Error+Send+Sync+'static)> {
        match self.repr {
            Repr::Os(..) => None,
            Repr::Simple(..) => None,
            Repr::Custom(ref c) => Some(&*c.error),
            Repr::SgxStatus(ref s) => Some(s),
        }
    }

    /// Returns a mutable reference to the inner error wrapped by this error
    /// (if any).
    ///
    /// If this `Error` was constructed via `new` then this function will
    /// return `Some`, otherwise it will return `None`.
    ///
    pub fn get_mut(&mut self) -> Option<&mut (dyn error::Error + Send + Sync + 'static)> {
        match self.repr {
            Repr::Os(..) => None,
            Repr::Simple(..) => None,
            Repr::Custom(ref mut c) => Some(&mut *c.error),
            Repr::SgxStatus(ref mut s) => Some(s),
        }
    }

    /// Consumes the `Error`, returning its inner error (if any).
    ///
    /// If this `Error` was constructed via `new` then this function will
    /// return `Some`, otherwise it will return `None`.
    ///
    pub fn into_inner(self) -> Option<Box<dyn error::Error + Send + Sync>> {
        match self.repr {
            Repr::Os(..) => None,
            Repr::Simple(..) => None,
            Repr::Custom(c) => Some(c.error),
            Repr::SgxStatus(s) => Some(Box::new(s)),
        }
    }

    /// Returns the corresponding `ErrorKind` for this error.
    ///
    pub fn kind(&self) -> ErrorKind {
        match self.repr {
            Repr::Os(code) => sys::decode_error_kind(code),
            Repr::Custom(ref c) => c.kind,
            Repr::Simple(kind) => kind,
            Repr::SgxStatus(..) => ErrorKind::SgxError,
        }
    }
}

impl fmt::Debug for Repr {
    fn fmt(&self, fmt: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        match *self {
            Repr::Os(code) => fmt
                .debug_struct("Os")
                .field("code", &code)
                .field("kind", &sys::decode_error_kind(code))
                .field("message", &sys::os::error_string(code))
                .finish(),
            Repr::Custom(ref c) => fmt::Debug::fmt(&c, fmt),
            Repr::Simple(kind) => fmt.debug_tuple("Kind").field(&kind).finish(),
            Repr::SgxStatus(status) => fmt
                .debug_struct("Sgx")
                .field("code", &status)
                .field("message", &status.__description())
                .finish(),
        }
    }
}

impl fmt::Display for Error {
    fn fmt(&self, fmt: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        match self.repr {
            Repr::Os(code) => {
                let detail = sys::os::error_string(code);
                write!(fmt, "{} (os error: {})", detail, code)
            }
            Repr::Custom(ref c) => c.error.fmt(fmt),
            Repr::Simple(kind) => write!(fmt, "{}", kind.as_str()),
            Repr::SgxStatus(status) => {
                let detail = status.__description();
                write!(fmt, "{} (sgx error: {})", detail, status)
            }
        }
    }
}

impl error::Error for Error {
    fn description(&self) -> &str {
        match self.repr {
            Repr::Os(..) | Repr::Simple(..) => self.kind().as_str(),
            Repr::Custom(ref c) => c.error.description(),
            Repr::SgxStatus(ref s) => s.description(),
        }
    }

    #[allow(deprecated)]
    fn cause(&self) -> Option<&dyn error::Error> {
        match self.repr {
            Repr::Os(..) => None,
            Repr::Simple(..) => None,
            Repr::Custom(ref c) => c.error.cause(),
            Repr::SgxStatus(ref s) => Some(s),
        }
    }

    fn source(&self) -> Option<&(dyn error::Error + 'static)> {
        match self.repr {
            Repr::Os(..) => None,
            Repr::Simple(..) => None,
            Repr::Custom(ref c) => c.error.source(),
            Repr::SgxStatus(ref s) => Some(s),
        }
    }
}

fn _assert_error_is_sync_send() {
    fn _is_sync_send<T: Sync+Send>() {}
    _is_sync_send::<Error>();
}

impl error::Error for sgx_status_t {
    fn description(&self) -> &str {
        self.__description()
    }
}