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// Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
// or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
// distributed with this work for additional information
// regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
// to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
// "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
// with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
// software distributed under the License is distributed on an
// "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
// KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
// specific language governing permissions and limitations
// under the License..

//! Inspection and manipulation of the process's environment.

use core::fmt;
use crate::error::Error;
use crate::ffi::{OsStr, OsString};
use crate::path::{Path, PathBuf};
use crate::sys::os as os_imp;
use crate::io;

/// Returns the current working directory as a [`PathBuf`].
///
/// # Errors
///
/// Returns an [`Err`] if the current working directory value is invalid.
/// Possible cases:
///
/// * Current directory does not exist.
/// * There are insufficient permissions to access the current directory.
///
/// [`PathBuf`]: ../../std/path/struct.PathBuf.html
/// [`Err`]: ../../std/result/enum.Result.html#method.err
///
pub fn current_dir() -> io::Result<PathBuf> {
    os_imp::getcwd()
}

/// Changes the current working directory to the specified path.
///
/// Returns an [`Err`] if the operation fails.
///
/// [`Err`]: ../../std/result/enum.Result.html#method.err
///
pub fn set_current_dir<P: AsRef<Path>>(path: P) -> io::Result<()> {
    os_imp::chdir(path.as_ref())
}

/// An iterator over a snapshot of the environment variables of this process.
///
/// This structure is created by the [`std::env::vars`] function. See its
/// documentation for more.
///
/// [`std::env::vars`]: fn.vars.html
pub struct Vars {
    inner: VarsOs,
}

/// An iterator over a snapshot of the environment variables of this process.
///
/// This structure is created by the [`std::env::vars_os`] function. See
/// its documentation for more.
///
/// [`std::env::vars_os`]: fn.vars_os.html
pub struct VarsOs {
    inner: os_imp::Env,
}

/// Returns an iterator of (variable, value) pairs of strings, for all the
/// environment variables of the current process.
///
/// The returned iterator contains a snapshot of the process's environment
/// variables at the time of this invocation. Modifications to environment
/// variables afterwards will not be reflected in the returned iterator.
///
/// # Panics
///
/// While iterating, the returned iterator will panic if any key or value in the
/// environment is not valid unicode. If this is not desired, consider using the
/// [`env::vars_os`] function.
///
/// [`env::vars_os`]: fn.vars_os.html
pub fn vars() -> Vars {
    Vars { inner: vars_os() }
}

/// Returns an iterator of (variable, value) pairs of OS strings, for all the
/// environment variables of the current process.
///
/// The returned iterator contains a snapshot of the process's environment
/// variables at the time of this invocation. Modifications to environment
/// variables afterwards will not be reflected in the returned iterator.
///
pub fn vars_os() -> VarsOs {
    VarsOs { inner: os_imp::env() }
}

impl Iterator for Vars {
    type Item = (String, String);
    fn next(&mut self) -> Option<(String, String)> {
        self.inner.next().map(|(a, b)| (a.into_string().unwrap(), b.into_string().unwrap()))
    }
    fn size_hint(&self) -> (usize, Option<usize>) {
        self.inner.size_hint()
    }
}

impl fmt::Debug for Vars {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.pad("Vars { .. }")
    }
}

impl Iterator for VarsOs {
    type Item = (OsString, OsString);
    fn next(&mut self) -> Option<(OsString, OsString)> {
        self.inner.next()
    }
    fn size_hint(&self) -> (usize, Option<usize>) {
        self.inner.size_hint()
    }
}

impl fmt::Debug for VarsOs {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.pad("VarsOs { .. }")
    }
}

/// Fetches the environment variable `key` from the current process.
///
/// # Errors
///
/// * Environment variable is not present
/// * Environment variable is not valid unicode
///
/// # Panics
///
/// This function may panic if `key` is empty, contains an ASCII equals sign
/// `'='` or the NUL character `'\0'`, or when the value contains the NUL
/// character.
///
pub fn var<K: AsRef<OsStr>>(key: K) -> Result<String, VarError> {
    _var(key.as_ref())
}

fn _var(key: &OsStr) -> Result<String, VarError> {
    match var_os(key) {
        Some(s) => s.into_string().map_err(VarError::NotUnicode),
        None => Err(VarError::NotPresent),
    }
}

/// Fetches the environment variable `key` from the current process, returning
/// [`None`] if the variable isn't set.
///
/// [`None`]: ../option/enum.Option.html#variant.None
///
/// # Panics
///
/// This function may panic if `key` is empty, contains an ASCII equals sign
/// `'='` or the NUL character `'\0'`, or when the value contains the NUL
/// character.
///
pub fn var_os<K: AsRef<OsStr>>(key: K) -> Option<OsString> {
    _var_os(key.as_ref())
}

fn _var_os(key: &OsStr) -> Option<OsString> {
    os_imp::getenv(key)
        .unwrap_or_else(|e| panic!("failed to get environment variable `{:?}`: {}", key, e))
}

/// The error type for operations interacting with environment variables.
/// Possibly returned from the [`env::var`] function.
///
/// [`env::var`]: fn.var.html
#[derive(Debug, PartialEq, Eq, Clone)]
pub enum VarError {
    /// The specified environment variable was not present in the current
    /// process's environment.
    NotPresent,

    /// The specified environment variable was found, but it did not contain
    /// valid unicode data. The found data is returned as a payload of this
    /// variant.
    NotUnicode(OsString),
}

impl fmt::Display for VarError {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        match *self {
            VarError::NotPresent => write!(f, "environment variable not found"),
            VarError::NotUnicode(ref s) => {
                write!(f, "environment variable was not valid unicode: {:?}", s)
            }
        }
    }
}

impl Error for VarError {
    fn description(&self) -> &str {
        match *self {
            VarError::NotPresent => "environment variable not found",
            VarError::NotUnicode(..) => "environment variable was not valid unicode",
        }
    }
}

/// Sets the environment variable `k` to the value `v` for the currently running
/// process.
///
/// Note that while concurrent access to environment variables is safe in Rust,
/// some platforms only expose inherently unsafe non-threadsafe APIs for
/// inspecting the environment. As a result, extra care needs to be taken when
/// auditing calls to unsafe external FFI functions to ensure that any external
/// environment accesses are properly synchronized with accesses in Rust.
///
/// Discussion of this unsafety on Unix may be found in:
///
///  - [Austin Group Bugzilla](http://austingroupbugs.net/view.php?id=188)
///  - [GNU C library Bugzilla](https://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=15607#c2)
///
/// # Panics
///
/// This function may panic if `key` is empty, contains an ASCII equals sign
/// `'='` or the NUL character `'\0'`, or when the value contains the NUL
/// character.
///
pub fn set_var<K: AsRef<OsStr>, V: AsRef<OsStr>>(k: K, v: V) {
    _set_var(k.as_ref(), v.as_ref())
}

fn _set_var(k: &OsStr, v: &OsStr) {
    os_imp::setenv(k, v).unwrap_or_else(|e| {
        panic!("failed to set environment variable `{:?}` to `{:?}`: {}", k, v, e)
    })
}

/// Removes an environment variable from the environment of the currently running process.
///
/// Note that while concurrent access to environment variables is safe in Rust,
/// some platforms only expose inherently unsafe non-threadsafe APIs for
/// inspecting the environment. As a result extra care needs to be taken when
/// auditing calls to unsafe external FFI functions to ensure that any external
/// environment accesses are properly synchronized with accesses in Rust.
///
/// Discussion of this unsafety on Unix may be found in:
///
///  - [Austin Group Bugzilla](http://austingroupbugs.net/view.php?id=188)
///  - [GNU C library Bugzilla](https://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=15607#c2)
///
/// # Panics
///
/// This function may panic if `key` is empty, contains an ASCII equals sign
/// `'='` or the NUL character `'\0'`, or when the value contains the NUL
/// character.
///
pub fn remove_var<K: AsRef<OsStr>>(k: K) {
    _remove_var(k.as_ref())
}

fn _remove_var(k: &OsStr) {
    os_imp::unsetenv(k)
        .unwrap_or_else(|e| panic!("failed to remove environment variable `{:?}`: {}", k, e))
}

/// An iterator that splits an environment variable into paths according to
/// platform-specific conventions.
///
/// The iterator element type is [`PathBuf`].
///
/// This structure is created by the [`std::env::split_paths`] function. See its
/// documentation for more.
///
/// [`PathBuf`]: ../../std/path/struct.PathBuf.html
/// [`std::env::split_paths`]: fn.split_paths.html
pub struct SplitPaths<'a> {
    inner: os_imp::SplitPaths<'a>,
}

/// Parses input according to platform conventions for the `PATH`
/// environment variable.
///
/// Returns an iterator over the paths contained in `unparsed`. The iterator
/// element type is [`PathBuf`].
///
pub fn split_paths<T: AsRef<OsStr> + ?Sized>(unparsed: &T) -> SplitPaths<'_> {
    SplitPaths { inner: os_imp::split_paths(unparsed.as_ref()) }
}

impl<'a> Iterator for SplitPaths<'a> {
    type Item = PathBuf;
    fn next(&mut self) -> Option<PathBuf> {
        self.inner.next()
    }
    fn size_hint(&self) -> (usize, Option<usize>) {
        self.inner.size_hint()
    }
}

impl fmt::Debug for SplitPaths<'_> {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        f.pad("SplitPaths { .. }")
    }
}

/// The error type for operations on the `PATH` variable. Possibly returned from
/// the [`env::join_paths`] function.
///
/// [`env::join_paths`]: fn.join_paths.html
#[derive(Debug)]
pub struct JoinPathsError {
    inner: os_imp::JoinPathsError,
}

/// Joins a collection of [`Path`]s appropriately for the `PATH`
/// environment variable.
///
/// # Errors
///
/// Returns an [`Err`][err] (containing an error message) if one of the input
/// [`Path`]s contains an invalid character for constructing the `PATH`
/// variable (a double quote on Windows or a colon on Unix).
///
/// [`Path`]: ../../std/path/struct.Path.html
/// [`OsString`]: ../../std/ffi/struct.OsString.html
/// [err]: ../../std/result/enum.Result.html#variant.Err
///
pub fn join_paths<I, T>(paths: I) -> Result<OsString, JoinPathsError>
where
    I: IntoIterator<Item = T>,
    T: AsRef<OsStr>,
{
    os_imp::join_paths(paths.into_iter()).map_err(|e| JoinPathsError { inner: e })
}

impl fmt::Display for JoinPathsError {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        self.inner.fmt(f)
    }
}

impl Error for JoinPathsError {
    fn description(&self) -> &str {
        self.inner.description()
    }
}

/// Returns the path of the current user's home directory if known.
///
/// # Unix
///
/// - Returns the value of the 'HOME' environment variable if it is set
///   (including to an empty string).
/// - Otherwise, it tries to determine the home directory by invoking the `getpwuid_r` function
///   using the UID of the current user. An empty home directory field returned from the
///   `getpwuid_r` function is considered to be a valid value.
/// - Returns `None` if the current user has no entry in the /etc/passwd file.
///
/// # Windows
///
/// - Returns the value of the 'HOME' environment variable if it is set
///   (including to an empty string).
/// - Otherwise, returns the value of the 'USERPROFILE' environment variable if it is set
///   (including to an empty string).
/// - If both do not exist, [`GetUserProfileDirectory`][msdn] is used to return the path.
///
/// [msdn]: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/win32/api/userenv/nf-userenv-getuserprofiledirectorya
///
pub fn home_dir() -> Option<PathBuf> {
    os_imp::home_dir()
}

/// Returns the path of a temporary directory.
///
/// # Unix
///
/// Returns the value of the `TMPDIR` environment variable if it is
/// set, otherwise for non-Android it returns `/tmp`. If Android, since there
/// is no global temporary folder (it is usually allocated per-app), it returns
/// `/data/local/tmp`.
///
/// # Windows
///
/// Returns the value of, in order, the `TMP`, `TEMP`,
/// `USERPROFILE` environment variable if any are set and not the empty
/// string. Otherwise, `temp_dir` returns the path of the Windows directory.
/// This behavior is identical to that of [`GetTempPath`][msdn], which this
/// function uses internally.
///
/// [msdn]: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/win32/api/fileapi/nf-fileapi-gettemppatha
///
pub fn temp_dir() -> PathBuf {
    os_imp::temp_dir()
}

/// Returns the full filesystem path of the current running executable.
///
/// # Platform-specific behavior
///
/// If the executable was invoked through a symbolic link, some platforms will
/// return the path of the symbolic link and other platforms will return the
/// path of the symbolic link’s target.
///
/// # Errors
///
/// Acquiring the path of the current executable is a platform-specific operation
/// that can fail for a good number of reasons. Some errors can include, but not
/// be limited to, filesystem operations failing or general syscall failures.
///
/// # Security
///
/// The output of this function should not be used in anything that might have
/// security implications. For example:
///
/// ```
/// fn main() {
///     println!("{:?}", std::env::current_exe());
/// }
/// ```
///
/// On Linux systems, if this is compiled as `foo`:
///
/// ```bash
/// $ rustc foo.rs
/// $ ./foo
/// Ok("/home/alex/foo")
/// ```
///
/// And you make a hard link of the program:
///
/// ```bash
/// $ ln foo bar
/// ```
///
/// When you run it, you won’t get the path of the original executable, you’ll
/// get the path of the hard link:
///
/// ```bash
/// $ ./bar
/// Ok("/home/alex/bar")
/// ```
///
/// This sort of behavior has been known to [lead to privilege escalation] when
/// used incorrectly.
///
/// [lead to privilege escalation]: https://securityvulns.com/Wdocument183.html
///
pub fn current_exe() -> io::Result<PathBuf> {
    os_imp::current_exe()
}

/// Constants associated with the current target
pub mod consts {
    use crate::sys::env::os;

    /// A string describing the architecture of the CPU that is currently
    /// in use.
    ///
    /// Some possible values:
    ///
    /// - x86
    /// - x86_64
    /// - arm
    /// - aarch64
    /// - mips
    /// - mips64
    /// - powerpc
    /// - powerpc64
    /// - riscv64
    /// - s390x
    /// - sparc64
    pub const ARCH: &str = super::arch::ARCH;

    /// The family of the operating system. Example value is `unix`.
    ///
    /// Some possible values:
    ///
    /// - unix
    /// - windows
    pub const FAMILY: &str = os::FAMILY;

    /// A string describing the specific operating system in use.
    /// Example value is `linux`.
    ///
    /// Some possible values:
    ///
    /// - linux
    /// - macos
    /// - ios
    /// - freebsd
    /// - dragonfly
    /// - netbsd
    /// - openbsd
    /// - solaris
    /// - android
    /// - windows
    pub const OS: &str = os::OS;

    /// Specifies the filename prefix used for shared libraries on this
    /// platform. Example value is `lib`.
    ///
    /// Some possible values:
    ///
    /// - lib
    /// - `""` (an empty string)
    pub const DLL_PREFIX: &str = os::DLL_PREFIX;

    /// Specifies the filename suffix used for shared libraries on this
    /// platform. Example value is `.so`.
    ///
    /// Some possible values:
    ///
    /// - .so
    /// - .dylib
    /// - .dll
    pub const DLL_SUFFIX: &str = os::DLL_SUFFIX;

    /// Specifies the file extension used for shared libraries on this
    /// platform that goes after the dot. Example value is `so`.
    ///
    /// Some possible values:
    ///
    /// - so
    /// - dylib
    /// - dll
    pub const DLL_EXTENSION: &str = os::DLL_EXTENSION;

    /// Specifies the filename suffix used for executable binaries on this
    /// platform. Example value is `.exe`.
    ///
    /// Some possible values:
    ///
    /// - .exe
    /// - .nexe
    /// - .pexe
    /// - `""` (an empty string)
    pub const EXE_SUFFIX: &str = os::EXE_SUFFIX;

    /// Specifies the file extension, if any, used for executable binaries
    /// on this platform. Example value is `exe`.
    ///
    /// Some possible values:
    ///
    /// - exe
    /// - `""` (an empty string)
    pub const EXE_EXTENSION: &str = os::EXE_EXTENSION;
}

#[cfg(target_arch = "x86")]
mod arch {
    pub const ARCH: &str = "x86";
}

#[cfg(target_arch = "x86_64")]
mod arch {
    pub const ARCH: &str = "x86_64";
}