[][src]Crate url

rust-url is an implementation of the URL Standard for the Rust programming language.

URL parsing and data structures

First, URL parsing may fail for various reasons and therefore returns a Result.

use url::{Url, ParseError};

assert!(Url::parse("http://[:::1]") == Err(ParseError::InvalidIpv6Address))

Let’s parse a valid URL and look at its components.

use url::{Url, Host, Position};
let issue_list_url = Url::parse(
    "https://github.com/rust-lang/rust/issues?labels=E-easy&state=open"
)?;


assert!(issue_list_url.scheme() == "https");
assert!(issue_list_url.username() == "");
assert!(issue_list_url.password() == None);
assert!(issue_list_url.host_str() == Some("github.com"));
assert!(issue_list_url.host() == Some(Host::Domain("github.com")));
assert!(issue_list_url.port() == None);
assert!(issue_list_url.path() == "/rust-lang/rust/issues");
assert!(issue_list_url.path_segments().map(|c| c.collect::<Vec<_>>()) ==
        Some(vec!["rust-lang", "rust", "issues"]));
assert!(issue_list_url.query() == Some("labels=E-easy&state=open"));
assert!(&issue_list_url[Position::BeforePath..] == "/rust-lang/rust/issues?labels=E-easy&state=open");
assert!(issue_list_url.fragment() == None);
assert!(!issue_list_url.cannot_be_a_base());

Some URLs are said to be cannot-be-a-base: they don’t have a username, password, host, or port, and their "path" is an arbitrary string rather than slash-separated segments:

use url::Url;

let data_url = Url::parse("data:text/plain,Hello?World#")?;

assert!(data_url.cannot_be_a_base());
assert!(data_url.scheme() == "data");
assert!(data_url.path() == "text/plain,Hello");
assert!(data_url.path_segments().is_none());
assert!(data_url.query() == Some("World"));
assert!(data_url.fragment() == Some(""));

Serde

Enable the serde feature to include Deserialize and Serialize implementations for url::Url.

Base URL

Many contexts allow URL references that can be relative to a base URL:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="../main.css">

Since parsed URLs are absolute, giving a base is required for parsing relative URLs:

use url::{Url, ParseError};

assert!(Url::parse("../main.css") == Err(ParseError::RelativeUrlWithoutBase))

Use the join method on an Url to use it as a base URL:

use url::Url;

let this_document = Url::parse("http://servo.github.io/rust-url/url/index.html")?;
let css_url = this_document.join("../main.css")?;
assert_eq!(css_url.as_str(), "http://servo.github.io/rust-url/main.css");

Feature: serde

If you enable the serde feature, Url will implement serde::Serialize and serde::Deserialize. See serde documentation for more information.

url = { version = "2", features = ["serde"] }

Re-exports

pub use form_urlencoded;

Structs

OpaqueOrigin

Opaque identifier for URLs that have file or other schemes

ParseOptions

Full configuration for the URL parser.

PathSegmentsMut

Exposes methods to manipulate the path of an URL that is not cannot-be-base.

Url

A parsed URL record.

UrlQuery

Implementation detail of Url::query_pairs_mut. Typically not used directly.

Enums

Host

The host name of an URL.

Origin

The origin of an URL

ParseError

Errors that can occur during parsing.

Position

Indicates a position within a URL based on its components.

SyntaxViolation

Non-fatal syntax violations that can occur during parsing.

Type Definitions

EncodingOverride